During the last three months of pregnancy, the gynaecologist will likely perform several tests and examinations to monitor the health of the mother and the baby. Here are some of the tests and examinations that may be carried out during the third trimester of pregnancy:
- Ultrasound: An ultrasound may be performed in the third trimester to check the growth and development of the baby, as well as to check the amount of amniotic fluid in the uterus.
- Non-Stress test – A non-stress test involves the presence of two monitors to track the heartbeat and movement of the baby. To monitor all these recordings, a technician will be by the mother’s side. The contractions will be recorded on paper, whereas the heartbeat will be monitored on the screen.
- Fundal Height Measurement – According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), fundal height is a commonly practised method of foetal growth assessment. The measurement is defined as the distance in centimetres from your pubic bone to the top of your uterus. It is helpful in determining if the baby is small for its gestational age.
- Cervical Exam: A cervical exam may be done in the third trimester to check the cervix for dilation and effacement. This can give the doctor an idea of how close the mother is to delivery.
- Glucose Screening: A glucose screening test may be done in the third trimester to check for gestational diabetes. This involves drinking a sugary drink and having blood drawn to check the mother’s blood sugar levels.
- Blood Pressure Monitoring: Blood pressure may be checked regularly in the third trimester to monitor for signs of preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication that can lead to high blood pressure and damage to organs such as the liver and kidneys.
- Iron profile Blood test – Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia in pregnancy.
These are some of the tests and examinations that may be carried out during the last three months of pregnancy. It’s important to keep all scheduled prenatal appointments and to communicate any concerns or questions with the doctor or your gynaecologist.